Ancient Egypt Apep was the deity of darkness thus opposed the deity of light and Ma’at (truth/order). Do you know that Apep is the mortal enemy of the sun of God, Ra? In an alternative depiction inscribed in a number of tombs of private individuals Hathor or Ra is transformed into a cat who slices the huge serpent with a knife. He was voiced by Mark Hamill, who provided the voice of the Joker from the Batman: Arkham videogame series. Although he was believed to have existed since primeval times, Apep is not mentioned by name until the Middle Kingdom. Cookies that are necessary to enable my site to function. Apep was personified with the darkness of the darkest hour of the night, against which the God of light Ra must not only battle, but fight successfully before he could rise in the east in the morning. The god Set was usually depicted as a man with a head resembling that of the sha, Set animal. A variation on this myth has the goddess Neith emerge from the primal waters and, again with Heka… The Norse had their Kraken and great wolf, Fenrir. Omissions? Each night Apopis encountered Re at a particular hour in the sun god’s ritual journey through the underworld in his divine bark. Apep was often depicted as a huge serpent with tightly compressed coils to emphasis his huge size. In Egyptian mythology, Apep (also spelled Apepi, and Aapep, or Apophis in Greek) was an evil god, the deification of darkness and chaos (isfet in Egyptian), and thus opponent of light and Ma'at (order/truth), whose existence was believed from the Middle Kingdom onwards. Prior to his overthrow, Apep was the head god in the ancient Egyptian pantheon. He was one of the main nemeses of the sun god Ra, and also the opponent of Ma’at, the Egyptian goddess of order and truth. He was the primary enemy of Egypt’s sun god, Ra, and symbolized darkness, chaos and destruction. Apep, or Apophis, was the Egyptian god of evil and darkness, until Set became the main sybol of evil in the later ages. During the Roman Period, he was sometimes referred to as “he who was spat out” and considered to have been born of the saliva of the goddess Neith. Apep often appeared in the form of a giant, demonic snake, who each night attempted to devour the Sun after it left the sky, only to be repelled by the god Set(who ironically would take his place as the God of Evil of Egyptian Mythology as centuries went by). In ancient Egypt, the serpent Apep (Apophis) was known as the evil god who lived in the underworld, and was the most wicked enemy of Ra. They do not store any information about you other than that which is strictly required for navigation and function, and I have no aceess to any of the data. Some myths claim that … Apep: Great Snake of Chaos (Egyptian Mythology) There weren’t too many true monsters in Egyptian mythology, unlike the myths of many other cultures. Apep was hated and feared by the Egyptians, but two of the Hyksos rulers took his name as their coronation name (although they used a slightly different spelling). Some elaborations even said that he stretched 16 yards in length and had a head made of flint. Bibliography. This is the reason why Ra has not killed him yet for he is only ever … (Apophis) Apep was a huge serpent (or crocodile) which lived in the waters of Nunor in the celestial Nile. This meant that he could not be killed and did not require nourishment. Apepis the Ancient Egyptian god of Chaos. A cookie which helps me track how many visitors come to my site and what pages they look at. The effigy was then beaten, crushed smeared with mud and burned. Watch Oh, Suddenly Egyptian God Episode 5 - Suddenly, Ra and Apep / Suddenly, Presents Because Apep’s place of dwelling was the underworld, Egyptians also placed spells and recited prayers to protect their deceased from Apep. To purchase such goodies we suggest you try Amazon, Ebay or other reputable online stores. However,JudsonandCharlenemanaged to seal him in a sarcophagus, centuries ago. If they failed, the world would be plunged into darkness. First Intermediate period was actually a dark age, Bard, Kathryn (2008) An introduction to the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt, Pinch, Geraldine (2002) Handbook Egyptian Mythology, Redford Donald B (2002) Ancient Gods Speak, Watterson, Barbara (1996) Gods of Ancient Egypt, Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003) The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. In Egyptian Mythology, Apep (Aapep, Apepi or Apophis) was the ancient Egyptian cosmic spirit of evil, darkness, chaos, and destruction who threatened to destroy the Sun god Ra as he traveled through the sky at night. Apep (Aapep, Apepi or Apophis) was the ancient Egyptian spirit of evil, darkness and destruction. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). According to the most popular creation myth, the god Atum stood on the primordial mound, amidst the swirling waters of chaos, and began the work of creation. Apep was also represented by a circular ball, the “evil eye” of Apep, being struck by the pharaoh in numerous temple scenes. Apep. Apep was known by many epithets, such as “the evil lizard”, “the encircler of the world”, “the enemy” and “the serpent of rebirth”. Each day he attempted to disrupt the passage of the solar barque of Re. Apep, commonly known in Greece as Apophis, was a god of chaos in Egyptian mythology.He is often portrayed as a snake and was the enemy of Ma'at.He is defeated daily by Ra and those aboard his Solar barge on is journey through Duat.He is also the TRUE embodiement of chaos so he is unable to be killed. Updates? In a detailed depiction in the tomb of Ramesses VI twelve heads are painted above the head of the snake representing the souls he has swallowed who are briefly freed when his body is destroyed, only to be imprisoned again the following night. The Greeks had their Scylla, Charybdis, Echidna, and Typhon. Apopis, also called Apep, Apepi, or Rerek, ancient Egyptian demon of chaos, who had the form of a serpent and, as the foe of the sun god, Re, represented all that was outside the ordered cosmos. Apophis, also known as Apep, was the ancient Egyptian embodiment of chaos. Budge, E. A. Wallis. He was depicted as the threatened divine order in the Egyptian mythology. Thus, the Egyptian god Apepi, for example, was the great serpent of the world of darkness. The Egyptians believed that the king could help maintain the order of the world and assist Re by performing rituals against Apopis. He was the complete opposite of Ra; darkness, evil, chaos, and was often affiliated with a snake. Facts about Apep 2: names. The images and pictures of Apep, the Egyptian god of evil, chaos and destruction depicted the god as a giant snake in various forms of ancient Egyptian art such as tomb paintings, hieroglyphics and stone carvings. It is possible that he was born out of the chaos and uncertainty brought about by the end of the Old Kingdom. HAIL APEP SAATET-TA, SNAKE GOD OF HELL! Although many serpents symbolized divinity and royalty, Apopis threatened the underworld and symbolized evil. Ra was the solar deity, bringer of light, and thus the upholder of Maat. Other times, Apophis would take the form of a giant sphere of malevolence. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Apopis, relief from the temple of Horus, Idfū, Egypt. Dover Publications, Inc., 1971. It is to be noted that already on a … When Set, Isis, and Ra decided that they too should be given power to rule over Egypt; Apep refused to give them anything. Hieroglyphics: His name is reconstructed by Egyptologists as *ʕAʔpāpī because of written ʕ3pp(y), surviving into later … Apep was created to protect the gates from the Underworld to the Land of the Living. Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. Apep (Aapep, Apepi or Apophis) was the ancient Egyptian spirit of evil, darkness and destruction. He was not worshipped, he was feared, but was possibly the only god (other than The Aten during the Amarna period) who was considered to be all powerful. Apep (also spelled Apepi, and Aapep, or Apophis in Greek) in Egyptian mythology was an evil demon. Budge, E. A. Wallis. As the personification of all that was evil, Apep was seen as a giant snake/serpent, or occasionally as a dragon in later years, leading to such titles as Serpent from the Nile and Evil Lizard. Apopis, also called Apep, Apepi, or Rerek, ancient Egyptian demon of chaos, who had the form of a serpent and, as the foe of the sun god, Re, represented all that was outside the ordered cosmos. Other rituals involved the creation of a wax model of the serpent which was ritually dismembered and the burning of a papyrus bearing an image of the snake. Apep is the serpent god of evil and destruction. You may change your settings at any time. He’s known as the god of evil, chaos, darkness and destruction.In some retellings of his legend, Apophis was Home:: the Gods:: Apep. When Ra was passing the realms of the underworld each night, he was attacked by the serpent god, Apep. Every night, as the sun travelled though the underworld (or across the sky), his roar would fill the air and he would launch his attack. Egyptian Magic. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Apopis-Egyptian-god, Apopis - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Corrections? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was associated with darkness and chaos. Apophis has quite the reputation. In ancient Egyptian mythology, Apophis -- also known as Apep -- was a god of evil. Apep (also spelled Apepi, and Aapep, or Apophis in Greek) in Egyptian mythology was an evil demon. Apep was first mentioned in the Eighth Dynasty, and he was honored in the names of the Fourteenth Dynasty king 'Apepiand of the Greater Hyksos king Apophis. Attacked by the serpent god, Apep spirit of evil, chaos and brought! 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