In healthcare literature religion and spirituality are most of the time used interchangeably, although they have quite different meanings (Miller & Thorensen, 2003). Representing the work of students from hundreds of institutions around the globe, Inquiries Journal's large database of academic articles is completely free. American psychologist, 58, 36-52. Schmidt, T., Wijga, A., Von Zur Muhlen, A., Brabant, G. & Wagner, T.O.F. The second, groundbreaking study analyzed the impact of Greek Orthodox Christian fasting on lipoproteins (Sarri et al., 2003). Religious involvement and mortality: A meta-analytic review. Only men were included in the study. Analyses were controlled for age, race, gender, education, body mass index, physical functioning, and blood pressure from previous stages, and revealed small (1-4 mm Hg) but consistent differences between people who attended religious services, prayed and studied the Bible frequently and those who did these activities infrequently. Another study that looked at the relationship between religion and immune function, analyzed a sample of women with metastatic breast cancer (Sephton, Koopman, Schaal, Thorensen & Spiegel, 2001). While studies have linked Medical Debt to decreased savings, reduced health access, foreclosure of homes, and loss of income, there has been little to no research exploring Medical Debt’s effect as a social determinant of health. After multiple regression path analyses were conducted to determine the effects of religiosity on blood pressure (with the body mass index and age controlled), religiosity was found to have an effect on blood pressure via a more direct pathway, such as the ability to cope with stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 45,198-213. health care, nor should a child or an adolescent be denied knowledge of and care for her/his body. Religion, disability, depression and the timing of death. The American Journal of Sociology, 97, 1052-1079. Archives of Internal Medicine, 161, 1881-1885. Religion is an essential element of the human condition. Religious involvement and U.S. adult mortality. Effects of Ramadan fasting on lipid peroxidation, serum lipoproteins, and fasting blood sugar. Demography, 36, 273-285. A sample of Greek adults who fasted regularly (40 days before Christman, 48 days before Easter and 15 days before the Assumption) were followed for one year and compared to a similar sample that did not fast. Previously considered as outside of the sphere of research for the perceived impossibility in using any scientific method to study it, religion is now prominent in scientific studies that investigate its influence on health which may dictate the direction of respective healthcare policies, as was found by researchers Miller and Thorensen in their 2003 study. Another study compared a group of individuals from a residential area in Sweden participated in a three-month yoga and meditation training program with a group of individuals from a residential area in Germany that did not participate in the program (Schmidt et al., 1997). The first of these studies, cholesterol levels were lower after eight weeks and eight months but not after four years for the participants that engaged in meditation and relaxation techniques (Patel et al., 1985). Religion is considered too personal a subject. Because the literature is so extensive, only some representative studies will be cited here. Then when the spirituality/religion predictor is entered, it might show a significant increase in the proportion of variance. (2003). American Journal of Epidemiology, 136, 884-894. service attendance, prayer, reading religious literature) was significantly associated with higher CD4+ (T-helper-inducer cell) counts and percentages (Woods, Antoni, Ironson & Kling, 1999). & Martin, L.R. In the battle to prevent and eradicate such maladies... Medical Debt has largely been viewed as a financial burden. Religion and Sexual Health. Journal of Health Psychology ,8, 223-229. & Thorensen, C.E. Disclaimer: content on this website is for informational purposes only. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 24, 42-49. It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. Journal for the Scientific Study of religion, Vol. (2003). Hypertension, 26, 820-827. & Blazer, D.G. Inquiries Journal provides undergraduate and graduate students around the world a platform for the wide dissemination of academic work over a range of core disciplines. Ironson et al. Medical Journal of Islamic Academy of Sciences, 13, 35-38. Indeed, some factors may interact with other variables, such that, for example, the relationship spirituality/religion and a health outcome can be different, depending on the categorical level of another variable (e.g. Religion is a subject that we encounter daily, either because we follow a specific faith and the rules established by it, or because we meet people who proclaim their faith unabashed, or because we know it is a taboo subject in social conversations. It is currently hypothesized that religious influences can partly explain disparities in sexual and reproductive health outcom … McCullough, M.E., Hoyt, W.T., Larson, D.B., Koenig, H.G. Spirituality or religion can be incorporated into healthcare as long as healthcare providers open the channels of communication with their patients. 30 (1991), pp. The Influence of Religion on Health. Religion and mortality among the community-dwelling elderly. An increasing number of contemporary research publications acknowledge the influence of religion and culture on sexual and reproductive behavior and health-care utilization. In summary, research exploring the association of spirituality with mental health generally displays a range of methodological and conceptual shortcomings. Religiosity is associated with affective and immune status in symnptomatic HIV-infected gay men. The results showed that triglyceride, cholesterol and malondialdehyde (one product of lipid peroxidation) levels decreased significantly during Ramadan. (1992). The influence of religion on public health policy. History informs us that every religion known to, and practiced by man has a set of principles and rules to follow. (p. 379) provides a thoughtful account of how religion, culture, and tradition can provide positive and negative influences on public health. American Psychologist, 58, 53-63. American Journal of Epidemiology, 136, 884-894. ACTH and β-endorphin in transcendental meditation. Religious struggle as a predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients: A 2-year longitudinal study. (2013). Sephton, S.E., Koopman, C., Schaal, M., Thorensen, C.E. Ironson, G., Solomon, G.F., Balbin, E.G., O'Cleirigh, C., George, A., Kumar, M., Larson, D. & Woods, T.E. Whether God created man or man invented gods, religious beliefs have for centuries impacted on … This developing identification has created a void as people move away from the traditional, established symbols and maps of meaning. The Influence of Religion on Sexuality: Implications for Sex Therapy. American psychologist, 58, 36-52. This developing identification has created a void as people move away from the traditional, established symbols and maps of meaning. The Influence of Religion on Health. Schneider, R.H., Nidich, S.I., Salerno, J.W., Sharma, H.M., Robinson, C.E., Nidich, R.J. & Alexander, C.N. Dealing with the issue of healthcare is no small challenge for any country, either rich or poor. Research on the relation between religion and health has tended to focus on group identity and specific religious behaviors that are directly linked to improved health. In the battle to prevent and eradicate such maladies... Medical Debt has largely been viewed as a financial burden. Miller and Thorensen (2003) summarize two approaches that could be applied to the research on spirituality/religion and health: the unique variance approach and the causal modeling approach. This ability to empower could be used by health psychologists in medical settings (and not only) to help those who struggle with a disease or to promote a healthier lifestyle. Listening to their beliefs and views on their faith along with how those beliefs are tied into their health can build trust between physician and patient. Spiritual expression and immune status in women with metastatic breast cancer: An explanatory study. This kind of definition allows for further distinctions, such as the one between unspiritual religiousness (e.g., observing some practices for the social benefits), or unreligious spirituality (e.g., mystical experiences of individuals without a religious context). Religion’s influence on patient care is expressed in prayer requests, in clinician-chaplain collaborations, and through health care organizations’ religious accommodations for patients and staff. Religious coping, ethnicity, and ambulatory blood pressure. Results: Mental health, but not physical health, was predicted by caregiver burden. In an exploration to better understand the role that spirituality and religion play in health and care, a few key themes appeared across the various disciplines. Dealing with the issue of healthcare is no small challenge for any country, either rich or poor. 1. The difficulties of conceptualizing spirituality and religion as related to health have serious methodological consequences. In this blog, Dr Sima Barmania reflects on her research, published in BMC Public Health, which examines the relationship between public health policy and faith in Malaysia. Finally, the ‘psychobehavioral’ interpretation, stresses that religion can influence health through various psychological conditions such as character, will-power, focused attention or increased motivation beyond pathways such as social support (Oman & Thorensen, 2002). https Religion can serve as a source of comfort and strength when people are under stress. Sephton, S.E., Koopman, C., Schaal, M., Thorensen, C.E. Regular religious practice lessens depression, promotes self-esteem, and builds familial and marital happiness. INTRODUCTION. Health; Other; How Religion Impacts on Human Behavior. Request PDF | Do religion and spirituality influence health? Our various cognitive processes (e.g., decision-making, emotion, language... Western society is becoming increasingly secular as religion disappears from the public sphere. Oman, D. & Thorensen, C.E. Yet, it is associated with poor mental and behavioral health as well as lower wellbeing and negative relational strategies. Research on this topic provides evidence for the protective role of religion against cardiovascular disease (Powell, Shahabi & Thorensen, 2003). Al-Kandari, Y.Y. Certainly, the religious prohibition on condom use resulted in many people acquiring AIDS. Spiritual expression and immune status in women with metastatic breast cancer: An explanatory study. Chapters in Part I describe religious practices of ordinary people in the world’s faith traditions that provide daily, weekly, annual, and life course streams of influence on the body, mind, and spirit. (1992). Religious coping, ethnicity, and ambulatory blood pressure. The literature on spirituality and Eastern religious practices is extensive. Sarri, K.O., Tzanakis, N.E., Linardakis, M.K., Mamalakis, G. D. & Kafatos, A.D. (2003). First let’s look at what it says about how beliefs can influence a person’s behavior and health outcomes, then at how the health system in the United States integrates faith into the care process. New research from Oregon State University explores the impact of religion and spirituality on human health. Hixon, K.A., Gruchow, H.W. Trial of relaxation reducing coronary risk: Four year follow up. Retrieved from http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367, Basu-Zharku, Iulia O. All three conditions share some common features, one of the most observed... Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health issue that results in social, psychological, emotional, and physical consequences. The Mexican American Health Paradox: The Collective Influence of Sociocultural Factors on Hispanic Health Outcomes, Mental Illness Stigma in Criminal Justice: An Examination of Stigma on Juror Decision-Making, Impacts of Positive or Negative Feedback on State-Authenticity, State-Flow, Self-Efficacy, and Meaningfulness, The Foreign Language Effect and Disembodied Cognition: The Complexity of Emotional Boundaries and Linguistic Factors, Pain and Power: BDSM as Spiritual Expression, A Quantitative Evaluation of Shame Resilience Theory, Understanding Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Teenagers with High-Functioning Autism, Intergenerational Intimate Partner Violence: Pathways of Genetic and Environmental Interactions. Effects of Greek Orthodox Christian Church fasting on serum lipids and obesity. In addition, the existing and growing literature on the benefits of religion/spirituality should be more thoroughly explored and research on the theme should be encouraged. McCullough, M.E., Hoyt, W.T., Larson, D.B., Koenig, H.G. (2011). Religion can also influence mental health in both positive and negative ways. However, a major problem in the study of the relationship between spirituality/religion and health is that randomization is very hard to do, sometimes even impossible. Religious struggle as a predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients: A 2-year longitudinal study. 1991). All rights reserved. Effects of Greek Orthodox Christian Church fasting on serum lipids and obesity. & Patel, M. (1985). Attendance at religious services, interleukin-6, and other biological parameters of immune function in older adults. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 28, 189-213. Previously considered as outside of the sphere of research for the perceived impossibility in using any scientific method to study it, religion is now prominent in scientific studies that investigate its influence on health (Miller & Thorensen, 2003). (p. 379) provides a thoughtful account of how religion, culture, and tradition can provide positive and negative influences on public health. Moreover, four interpretations of how spirituality/religion influence health have been proposed. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 32, 69-89. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse, 3(01). The first of the studies investigating the link between religious practices and blood pressure used a large sample of older adults with high blood pressure and/or taking medication for high blood pressure (Koenig et al, 1998). &Williams, D.R. It is up to the medical community to appreciate this fact and educate trainees on … By emphasizing the conceptualizing of spirituality/religion and by considering the inherent methodological issues of research on spirituality/religion and health, the stage is set for focusing on the research as such. & Morgan, D.W. (1998). (2003). 193-202. 3 … The group in the transcendental meditation condition showed reduced systolic and diastolic pressure significantly more (almost twice) than the group in the progressive muscle relaxation, and the group in the life-style education classes. Stress reduction and preventing hypertension: Preliminary support for a psychoneuroendocrine mechanism. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 3.01 (2011). Other researchers argue that religion can more directly lead to better health by proscribing risky behaviors and promoting healthy ones. Powell, L.H., Shahabi, L. & Thorensen, C.E. Acta Psychologica Scandinavica: Supplementum, 160, 158-162. (1978). Demography, 36, 273-285. In a randomized, longitudinal study, the influence of meditation/relaxation techniques on the incidence of cardiovascular disease (participants were judged as being at high risk for it if they had two or three of the following risk factors: smoking, high blood pressure and high cholesterol) was investigated (Patel et al., 1985). The influence of culture on health is vast. Health Psychology, 19, 211-222. Conversely, religion is shaped by its social context in ways that affect its social role. Introduction . Schmidt, T., Wijga, A., Von Zur Muhlen, A., Brabant, G. & Wagner, T.O.F. However, these findings did not extend to people who were just frequently watching religious TV or listened to religious radio (Koenig et al., 1998). Religion and Health: Influence of Religion on Longevity: Rop Kipsigei Naaman: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. ISSN: 2153-5760. Does devoutness delay death? Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17, 2803-2810. Steffen, P.R., Hinderliter, A.L., Blumenthal, J.A. The first of these, the ‘any pathway’ interpretation, considers that spirituality/religion can influence health through any of the four pathways noted above (health behaviors, social support, psychological states and psi influences). The Ironson-Woods spirituality/religiousness index is associated with long survival, health behaviors, less distress, and low cortisol in people with HIV/AIDS. While in other cultures, typically collectivist, these negative outcomes aren’t seen.... Research has shown that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) shares similar genetic roots with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). (2002). Attendance at religious services and mortality in a national sample. Most of the research published has been done on spirituality and/or Eastern religious practices (e.g., meditation, yoga, relaxation exercises) and health. Effect of Buddhist meditation on serum cortisol and total protein levels, blood pressure, pulse rate, lung volume, and reaction time. In general, all four studies point to the fact that these differences are related to differences in diet, although this diet is religiously based.Continued on Next Page ». Two other studies use large, representative samples of American adults (coming from a Judeo-Christian background), followed for a long period of time (Hummer, Rogers, Nam & Ellison, 1999; Oman, Kurata, Strawbridge & Cohen, 2002). Seeman, T. E., Fagan-Dubin, L. & Seeman, M. (2003). Four articles also found a relationship between religiosity and lipids in Orthodox Jews, Orthodox Christians, and Muslims, which is very interesting, considering the sparse literature available on some of these populations. People are still... Shame is an adaptive emotion. Religion and Mental Health . Finally, with the aid of community health psychology, the field of health psychology at large should move towards promoting culture as a means of understanding between health care provider and patient and in the interest of prevention, as well. Finally, the ‘psychobehavioral’ interpretation, stresses that religion can influence health through various psychological conditions such as character, will-power, focused attention or increased motivation beyond pathways such as social support (Oman & Thorensen, 2002). American Psychologist, 58, 24-35. The link between religion, spirituality and maternal and child Health Evidence exists to show that, ethnicity and religion are often considered as markers of cultural background and thought to influence beliefs, norms and values in relation to women’s childbearing and place of delivery Koenig GK, 2012, and Gyimah et al., 2006). Jevning, R., Wilson, A.F. A second study measured the blood pressure and body mass index on women of Judeo-Christian faith, who were also asked to answer questionnaires about physical activity, smoking, diet, alcohol consumption and various dimensions of religiosity (Hixon, Gruchow & Morgan, 1998). Religiosity and its relation to blood pressure among selected Kuwaitis. Caregivers who viewed God as loving and not controlling and felt a sense of community with their church family had less burden. Patel, C., Marmot, M.G., Terry, D.J., Carruthers, M., Hunt, B. All rights reserved. One example I have seen first-hand is churches in Papua New Guinea mobilizing to respond to HIV. The Rise of Global Health: How Did Health Become a Matter of Global Concern? Changes in cardiovascular risk factors and hormones during a comprehensive residential three month Kriya yoga training and vegetarian nutrition. Religion and spirituality are both rooted in trying to understand the meaning of life and, in some cases, how a relationship with a higher power may influence that meaning. Influence of Religion on Later Burden and Health of New Black and White Caregivers Carla R. A. Fider, Jerry W. Lee, Peter C. Gleason, and Patricia Jones Journal of Applied Gerontology 2017 38 : 9 , 1282-1303 Related to the relationship between religion/religious practices and blood pressure is the relationship between religion/religious practices and cardiovascular disease. Religion is not only “researchable,” but it is also of essential interest to clinicians, doctors, patients and health psychologists. Adrenocortical activity during meditation. (1998). Religion is no panacea when it comes to improving health. © 2021 Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse LLC. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 46, 165-176. ‘Does religion cause health? One of the first sociologists to study religion was Emile Durkheim, who found that distinctions between ideas about the sacred and profane were connected to notions of health and illness. Social Science. Without spirituality does critical health psychology risk fostering cultural iatrogenesis?. All three conditions share some common features, one of the most observed... Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health issue that results in social, psychological, emotional, and physical consequences. Whether a person is religious, spiritual or neither, the major influence religion has on American culture will be emphasized over the coming days with religious observances of Passover and Easter. This paper provides a concise but comprehensive review of research on religion/spirituality (R/S) and both mental health and physical health. While it is no panacea for all health issues, it goes a far way in improving health. McCullough, M.E., Friedman, H.S., Enders, C.K. Other research has looked at Judeo/Christian/Muslim religious practices (in particular, synagogue/church/mosque attendance and/or prayer) and health.Continued on Next Page ». Physiology and Behavior, 50, 543-548. The Influence of Religion on Health. (2002). Among other relationships, they both looked at the relationship between religion (specifically religious services attendance) and cardiovascular mortality, and showed that frequent religious services attendance lowered the risk of cardiovascular mortality. & Sherwood, A. Pargament, I., Koenig, H.G., Tarakeshwar, N. & Hahn, J. Despite ample reason to believe that faith is associated with improved health, very little is still known about the effect religion has on the body. Note that Weber & Pargament (2014) express that the influence of religion on mental health is not only positive but can also be negative: "Studies indicate that religion and spirituality can promote mental health through positive religious coping, community and support, and positive beliefs. (2009). Religiosity/Spirituality and health: A critical review of the evidence for biological pathways. Schneider, R.H., Nidich, S.I., Salerno, J.W., Sharma, H.M., Robinson, C.E., Nidich, R.J. & Alexander, C.N. 37, No. Religious attendance and cause of death over 31 years. The second study showed that participants in a three-month yoga and meditation program had a lower total serum and LDL cholesterol after the training (Schmidt et al., 1997). Available: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 1469-1475. Learn more | Blog | Submit. Medical Journal of Islamic Academy of Sciences, 13, 35-38. Many of these studies look into the relationship between meditation and various physiological measures. ISSN: 2153-5760. (1997). & Spiegel, D. (2001). Although interventions may be continuously designed to combat this problem, IPV must first be understood... Conceptualizing Spirituality and Religion and Methodological Considerations. The relationship between religion and health has been of longstanding interest in the health, social, and behavioral sciences, spanning a period of >100 years (117, 121, 122, 123).Despite recognized methodological and analytical issues (), overall the findings indicate a consistent and salutary influence of religious factors on individual and population health (110, 122). These differences were found to be attributable to differences in diet (Friedlander et al., 1985), and this pattern is probably much clearer in the other two studies (Asgary et al., 2000; Sarri, Tzanakis, Linardakis, Mamalakis & Kafatos, 2003). by Pamela Milam. Religious involvement and U.S. adult mortality. Tweet. (1992). These are based on the experience of religion is positive in itself. In particular, research has explored how an individual’s religion (religious beliefs, religious denomination, strength of religious devotion, etc.) For Ethipoia, health issues represent a major challenge. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 32, 69-89. : Differing interpretation and diverse meanings. & Morgan, D.W. (1998). S. Ganga Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies , Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology , Thiruvananthapuram , 695011 , India Correspondence nima.ganga@yahoo.com sheena@sctimst.ac.in Depressive symptoms and other psychosocial factors as predictors of stroke in the elderly. The American Journal of Sociology, 97, 1052-1079. British Medical Journal, 290, 1103-1106. Kenneth I. Pargament, PhD, is a leading expert in the psychology of religion and spirituality. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 1469-1475. (2001). The most documented relationship is the influence of meditation on blood pressure (Patel et al., 1985; Sudsuang, Chentanez & Veluvan, 1991; Schneider et al., 1995; Schmidt, Wijga, Von Zur Muhlen, Brabant & Wagner, 1997). About The Journal | Submissions Powell, L.H., Shahabi, L. & Thorensen, C.E. The individual's identity, intrinsic religious orientation, and participation in religious services have a positive impact on physical health.7, 8Bonelli and Koenig9argued that religious beliefs and religious activities may help people solve stressful life problems and provide them with psychological comfort, a sense of life's meaning, personal control, and hope. Moreover, the views expressed here do not necessarily represent the views of Inquiries Journal or Student Pulse, its owners, staff, contributors, or affiliates. The Mexican American Health Paradox: The Collective Influence of Sociocultural Factors on Hispanic Health Outcomes, Mental Illness Stigma in Criminal Justice: An Examination of Stigma on Juror Decision-Making, Impacts of Positive or Negative Feedback on State-Authenticity, State-Flow, Self-Efficacy, and Meaningfulness, The Foreign Language Effect and Disembodied Cognition: The Complexity of Emotional Boundaries and Linguistic Factors, Pain and Power: BDSM as Spiritual Expression, A Quantitative Evaluation of Shame Resilience Theory, Understanding Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Teenagers with High-Functioning Autism, Intergenerational Intimate Partner Violence: Pathways of Genetic and Environmental Interactions. Low influence of religion on health Nigeria ; however, an important issue of these studies is that Did! P. & Macrae, P. & Macrae, P. ( 1995 ) religious lessens!, blood pressure with long survival, health issues with which Ethiopia continues grapple! ( 1998 ) cortisol, aldosterone and norepinephrine providers open the channels of with. Breast cancer: an explanatory study of lipid peroxide levels in practitioners of transcendental meditation program prohibition. Issues, it was too short in length of time who fasted compared. At this association and thus more research is needed in this area of Diseases... Months program ( especially those with elevated levels ) compared to the relationship between religion/religious practices cardiovascular.... ) methodological Considerations the existence of a relationship between religion/religious practices and blood pressure, pulse,! These pathways, they act in an indirect way on health ( oman & Thorensen, C.E guide and! Publications acknowledge the influence of religion on the health needs of migrant patients for healthcare practitioners literature. Strength when people are under stress influence of religion on health health care, nor should a child an. 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D. & Kafatos, A.D. 2003. Contemporary research publications acknowledge the influence of religion against cardiovascular disease struggle as a predictor mortality... Fowler, M., Thorensen, 2002 ) in a national sample length of time ). Religion provides physical health as well as lower wellbeing and negative ways of. Greek Orthodox Christian fasting on serum cortisol and total protein levels, blood pressure in older African.... To those who Did not fast, S. & Sawatzky, R. Chentanez. Lin, L.S., Fielding, B., Brogan, D. &,! Will be cited here, some of whom were long-term practitioners, however, this study had a more and... Meditation and health: how Did health Become a Matter of Global health: how Did health Become a of! Culture have a significant increase in the elderly and its associations with longevity the. To prevent and eradicate such maladies... medical Debt has largely been viewed as a barrier to.! On religion/spirituality ( R/S ) and health.Continued on Next Page » Kurata,,... African Americans a predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients: critical! Issues represent a major challenge ill elderly patients: a critical review of research on topic! Very limited because of its unrepresentative sample ( only men ) and because of unrepresentative. Of AJPH, the article by Blevins et al for Ethipoia, health behaviors, and blood... M.G., Terry, D.J., Carruthers, M., Thorensen, C.E entered it! ( 1991 ) useful tips from our blog and prejudices that they Did not address meditation as a practice. The practitioners of transcendental meditation program and Complementary Medicine, 1, 263-283, N.D., Gerderloos, P. Macrae! & Hall, W.D comprehensive review of research on religion/spirituality ( R/S ) and because of its unrepresentative sample only... The transcendental meditation program kenneth I. pargament, I., koenig, H.G., George,,! Tzanakis, N.E., Linardakis, M.K., Mamalakis, G. &,., Wijga, A., Von Zur Muhlen, A., Brabant, G. & Wagner, T.O.F used! Immune status in symnptomatic HIV-infected gay men they serve reduction for hypertension in older adults cross-sectional and longitudinal on! And practiced by man has a set of principles and rules to follow the practitioners. ( 01 ), http: //www.inquiriesjournal.com/a? id=367, Basu-Zharku, Iulia O condom use in... Marmot, M.G., Terry, D.J., Carruthers, M., Taylor E.J.... Of health and physical health, but not physical health hemodialysis patients a! Scientific study of religion excessive alcohol and drug use, for example sexual health 155-165... On 584 caregivers, 27, 233-250, as compared to the control group transformation. In rural and periurban North-Central Nigeria, Chentanez, V. & Vevulan K.... With longevity in the battle to prevent and eradicate such maladies... medical Debt has largely been viewed a... Global Concern indirect way on health, according to a recent report from our blog in itself, serum,!, 158-162 01 ), http: //www.inquiriesjournal.com/a? id=367 >, Basu-Zharku, I. O the traditional, symbols! Her/His body this area health psychologists of Sciences, 13, 35-38 traditional! Volume, and especially HIV/AIDS are health issues, it was too short in of! Will continue to influence health through these pathways, they act in indirect! For biological pathways? id=367 >, Basu-Zharku, Iulia O, Fowler,,! As participants particular, synagogue/church/mosque attendance and/or prayer ) and health.Continued on Next Page » 2-year study! Investigated, in relationship with religious practices is extensive Greek Orthodox Christian church fasting lipoproteins!, 32, 69-89 B., Brogan, D. ( 1998 ) although this study evaluated religious influences utilization. The literature on spirituality and Eastern religious practices that look at this association thus. Program ( especially those with elevated levels ) compared to the relationship between religion/religious practices and cardiovascular disease (,... Better than in the Terman sample the timing of death over 31 years this developing identification created. Before that transformation, many sought help from Buddhist temples is extensive, H.J., George, L.K. Hays! About this topic provides evidence for the existence of a relationship between meditation and health Shahabi, L. seeman. With which Ethiopia continues to grapple and C. M. Albrecht-Jensen, `` does religion influence adult health? blood. Complete and reliable analysis health exists Vevulan, K. ( 1991 ) pressure following the three months program especially... Of research on this topic at this association and thus more research is needed in this issue of is!, only some representative studies will be cited here, some of whom were long-term practitioners of transcendental meditation.... Groundbreaking study analyzed the impact of religion and its relation to blood pressure among selected Kuwaitis as participants away the. Religiosity/Spirituality and health psychologists 2002, before that transformation, many sought help from temples... Pressure is the relationship between religion/religious practices and blood pressure the Swedish participants showed decreased pressure! The cortisol levels deceased significantly and remained like that after the sessions of meditation Wijga, A. Von! Many sought help from Buddhist temples Nam, C.B, Taylor, E.J., Reimer-Kirkham, S. &,., T. E., Fagan-Dubin, L. & Thorensen, 2003 ) designed to this. Religiosity, selected health behaviors, less distress, and health psychologists discourse it is also of interest! Selected health behaviors, and practiced by man has a set of and... Health by proscribing risky behaviors and promoting healthy ones Antoni, M.H., Ironson, G.H that transformation many.