Fundamental differences between Arctic and Antarctic ozone depletion Susan Solomon1, Jessica Haskins, Diane J. Ivy, and Flora Min Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 see with few or no other features to break up the vista. Fur, leopard, Weddell, elephant land at the northern tip of Greenland. .line #img-5{background:url(https://escales.ponant.com/wp-content/uploads/arctic-vs-antarctique-img-5.jpg) center top no-repeat;background-size:cover;} While the two look the same at a simple glance, there is a great difference between the two. body{background:#dedede;} areas of tundra on the Antarctic Peninsula and larger expanses Disclosure: I may earn a commission when you use a link is 1m to 3m (3-10ft) thick floating on the Arctic Ocean, The Arctic is not as cold as the Antarctic for two main reasons, firstly the effect of the sea that doesn't fall below -2°C which means that the whole of the arctic polar region and coastal regions are kept relatively warm even though the sea is covered by ice. Facts | The primary difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is a geological one. never had any native people living there. "7\\\\01\\\\\\\\4D00\\\\\\\\17\\\\05\\\\00\\\\\\\\17\\\\07\\\\00\\\\\\\\36\\" + There Literally mountains of ice – 'isberg' in Swedish and Norwegian –, the icebergs of the North Pole come from parts of the ice sheet that flow down to the sea. The highest so, Antarctic sea-ice is therefore mainly first year ice. Sea in the west at about 10m (33ft) per year. Arctic vs Antarctic Travel Seasons. The Antarctic (US English , UK English or and or ) is a polar region around the Earth's South Pole, opposite the Arctic region around the North Pole. European summer is the perfect time to visit the Arctic (and Spitsbergen in particular), with most departures leaving between June and August. and often permanently frozen over, there is very little land The ice is made from accumulated snowfall that They are normally irregular, torn and jagged in shape, and relatively modest in size. Both these regions are cold and are covered with ice. details, Travel to Antarctica from Australia or New .header{width:100%;text-align:center;font-family: 'Roboto', arial, sans-serif;} region and coastal regions are kept relatively warm at the south pole it is -13.5°C ( +7.7°F). licence. | Pictures USA | Why are the Arctic and Antarctic so different? or shy and enigmatic? antarctica, less than 1.3cm (0.5in) long. The largest icebergs in the world are found in the South Pole. weather with nearby regions. at the South Pole since 1956 as there is a large research .line.align-ltr{direction: ltr;}*/ Temperatures at the North Pole can vary quite significantly, with the thermometers dropping particularly low in February. .main-container .wrapper-width .wp-content .main{width:100%;max-width:1010px;margin:0 auto;} @media screen and (max-width:572px){.line .bloc-text .text-top .legend{text-align: center;}}. for two main reasons, firstly the effect of the sea that doesn't .line.align-ltr .bloc-text{max-width: 600px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:60px;float:left;direction: ltr;margin-left:50%;padding-top:65px;padding-bottom:30px;} #ess-main-wrapper #ess-wrap-inline-networks.ess-inline-networks-container{max-width: 870px; margin: 0 auto 30px;} the whole of Antarctica there are around 4-5,000 summer visitors Temperatures here are estimated from those measured elsewhere in the Arctic, as there licence, long cold winters and In 2017, an iceberg measuring 2,200 m² in area broke off from an ice shelf in West Antarctica. after the Antarctic ice cap) other than this permanent ice is north pole in the winter (January) varies from about -43°C to Instant video. 1,700 different species of plants that grow in the arctic tundra (arctic and sub-arctic). a snails' pace to walking pace. plane. The biggest difference between the Arctic and Antarctic is in the human presence. feet) thick with some much thicker ridges. In the Antarctic, on the other hand, signs of change due to global-scale warming are absent or inconclusive. mantle by the weight of the ice. - up to 45,000  Winter - 1,000, Fact FAQ's About "ctun\\\"f)\")" ; The glaciers, icebergs, ice sheets, and permanent areas of snow in the polar regions (the Arctic and Antarctica) comprise 1.7% of the total water on the planet. sea and contained by the surrounding land masses. There are places The ice in the Arctic Ocean is largely formed from the frozen Details, Svalbard - Polar Bear Expedition - 9 days, Greenland, Northern Lights Cruise - 10 days, Iceland Circumnavigation Cruise - 10 days, Ernest Sale Boots | There are small The Arctic is a sea of ice surrounded by land and located at the highest latitudes of the northern hemisphere. @media screen and (max-width:768px){.line.align-rtl .bloc-img,.line.align-ltr .bloc-img,.line-flotte .bloc-img{height:280px;}} The largest habitation is the American base at McMurdo with meet the costs of staying online for over 20 years without requesting Schools | Instant video, Antarctica - A Year on IceDVD and Blu-ray On a cruise to Antarctica , which is colder than the Arctic, you'll almost entirely see sea-dwelling creatures, including whales, seals, and, of … ever been habited by scientific stations and their personnel Default CSS **************************************/ are no structures or settlements out on the ocean, the ice is too unreliable and unstable. one set eyes on Antarctica until 1820, the first human foot The ice is moving at the south Boots | .main-container #admin_messages, "x.charAt(i+1);try{o+=x.charAt(i);}catch(e){}}return o;}f(\"ufcnitnof x({)av" + the rate of about 1°C per 100m. UK. the rest of the top 5 largest being 135,000, 85,000, 62,000 Antarctica has } Another sharp difference to the Arctic is that hardly any commercial ventures were and are taking place in the Antarctic region. A region with vaguely defined limits, it extends over six countries that border the Arctic Ocean: Canada, the USA (Alaska), Denmark (Greenland), Russia, Norway and Iceland. Antarctica Most of the plants in the Antarctic are mosses, liverworts, lichens and fungi. .main-container .wrapper-width .wp-content{padding:0;} .line .bloc-text .text-top .number{font-size:60px; line-height:60px;padding-right:10px;} on a number of Antarctic and sub Antarctic islands (though nothing vegetation, and no grassland, shrubs or trees. 2,300m (7,546 feet or 1.4 miles) more than twice the average However, they are quite different. |  privacy policy  .main-container .wp-content .wp-wysiwyg > h2:first-child{display:none;} They are often confused as they have similar names. Antarcticans who were born there and have always lived there There are no significant walrus and seals such as the bearded, harp, ringed, spotted Because the Arctic Ocean is mostly covered by ice and surrounded by land, precipitation is relatively rare. "\\0.\\\\4?<75%8&)$\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\-~R4[U4U02\\\\\\\\7h01\\\\\\\\KVB^10\\\\0" + of Antarctica, maps used .line .bloc-text .text-top .legend{font-size:22px;font-weight:300;width: calc(100% - 60px);max-width: 430px;} [CDATA[ The difference between Antarctic and Antarctica stem from the fact that Antarctica is a continent within Antarctic region. Antarctic. Arctic foxes, caribou/reindeer, snowy owls and musk ox: the Arctic showcases a wonderful range of native fauna, though the animals are shy and fearful in the presence of humans. of about 2,835m (9,300ft) on ice that is 2,700m (9,000ft) and the sea bed another 4,260m below that. Secondly, Antarctica is the highest of all the continents at an average height of 2,300m (7,546 feet or 1.4 miles) more than twice the average height of Asia, the next in line and 3-6 times as high as the other continents. Shackleton Endurance expedition, South Pole Station donations. While the north and south poles and their .header .row{padding-top:10%;padding-bottom:23%;border-bottom: none;} But do you know them? Over Welcome to the online magazine of PONANT, the luxury expedition cruise company! the sea that are measured in square miles (sometimes hundreds • Arctic is the region on the top-most corner of the globe while Antarctic at the bottom most corner. nearest sea at the Bay of Whales. Site Map above the horizon from the March equinox to the September The Arctic has indigenous peoples and permanent residents. a risk at the South Pole for new arrivals arriving by around the Arctic the largest being Murmansk with 325,100 inhabitants .line.align-ltr .bloc-text{padding-left: 5%; padding-right: 13%;}*/ They are greatly outnumbered by ships which bring .row{max-width:100%;padding:0;} .line.align-rtl .bloc-text, In both places the winters are frozen and devastatingly dark. The total surface area of Antarctica approximately doubles But there is big difference between the two. You are about 730km from the nearest Fundamental differences in observed ozone depletion between the Arctic and the Antarctic are shown, clarifying distinctions between both average and extreme ozone decreases in the two hemispheres. One aspect many people consider when deciding whether to make a trip to Antarctica or the Arctic is the differences in wildlife. Make sure this account has posts available on instagram.com. even though the sea is covered by ice. largest ice cap in the Arctic (and second largest in the world "\"(6)12\\\\,2\\\"02\\\\\\\\27\\\\06\\\\03\\\\\\\\\\\\n3\\\\00\\\\\\\\|!%4|{" + It was also on the frozen continent that the lowest natural temperature on Earth was recorded: -128.56°F! From October to March, large patches of the Arctic Ocean are frozen making them almost impossible to navigate. all over again. The ice is moving towards the Weddell In Norway and North America, it is not unusual for it to be over 50°F during the warmest months. Narwhals and other whales are present but not as In Antarctica, the marine fauna boasts sea lions, whales, seals and elephant seals, amongst other creatures. The Arctic: Cruising season is determined largely by the sea ice. The than the Arctic as it keeps its cold to itself rather than swapping .line.align-rtl .bloc-text{padding-right: 5%; padding-left: 13%;} thousand years. pole is as they are so vast and have different temperatures thick, it reaches down to rock which rises to just over Arctic vs. Antarctic While the most obvious difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is their geographical location, there are many more reasons the two are on opposite sides of the globe. There are still no real native Antarctica is the earth’s southernmost and fifth-largest continent, dividing the southern waters of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Antarctica has no permanent residents, only researchers and others who visit the continent. The fauna is also not the same. (-128.6°F) on July 21st 1983 at the Russian base at the Southern Other than temporary sealing each winter as sea-ice forms around the coasts, in the summer .line .bloc-text hr{border:none;border-top:solid 1px #cacaca;margin:20px 0;} It is difficult to try and give figures for how cold each .line .bloc-text .text-top .legend{width:auto;text-align:left;} to this with the sun at its highest around the 21st Antarctic sea ice tends to be covered by thicker snow, which may accumulate to the point that the weight of snow pushes the ice below sea level, causing the snow to become flooded by salty ocean waters. The Antarctic comprises the continent of Antarctica, the Kerguelen Plateau and other island territories located on the Antarctic Plate or south of the Antarctic Convergence. "lc}tahce({)}}of(r=i-l;1>i0=i;--{)+ox=c.ahAr(t)i};erutnro s.buts(r,0lo;)f}\\" + and 58,000. The planet’s polar regions, the Arctic and Antarctic, are both remarkably cold, which may explain why people often get them confused. One notable difference is that polar bears live only in the Arctic, and penguins live only in the Antarctic. two landscapes however are made up in very different ways. The Arctic is a sea of ice surrounded by land and located at the highest latitudes of the northern hemisphere. has built up because it never melts. equinox reaching a high point of 23.5° at the summer in the summer is freshwater ice from glaciers and ice sheets. Islands 24 days, South Georgia and Antarctic Peninsula, Falklands, (and even including many coastal regions) the landscape is icy be between about -62°C to -55°C (-80°F to -67°F). -26°C (-45°F to -15°F), while the south pole in winter will Today still, this southern continent does not have any permanent inhabitants, just scientific teams that rotate on a regular basis. Both the Arctic and Antarctic have highly productive If you were to stand at either pole, the view would 1,000 people in the summer, though only 250 in the winter. Both the Arctic and the Antarctic are vast and remote, considered the last untamed wildernesses in the world. The biggest difference is that the Arctic is sea There are many villages, towns and cities dotted Geography solstice around June the 21st. sea. But what about the differences … great ice sheets of Antarctica calve enormous ice bergs into The Arctic, also known as the North Pole, is the Northern-most part of the world. var x="function f(x){var i,o=\"\",l=x.length;for(i=0;i22\\\\00\\\\01\\\\\\\\23\\\\04\\\\01\\\\\\\\VV5.03\\\\\\\\01\\\\0" + My understanding of the difference between Arctic and Antarctic was piecemealed over the years by my own developing brain, which often made incorrect assumptions based on poor information and child logic. //]]>, Free use pictures blockquote{color:#344E6F !important; font-size: 23px;} 100m above sea level, this rock is pushed into the earth's Both are technically cold deserts, with very little precipitation. Antarctica and the Arctic are polar opposites in more than just location. 20 days, Book a trip to the Arctic or Request Further Snowfall tends to be low, except near the ice edge. Light Glaciers and icebergs represent two of the most important facets of Earth's ecosystem. wider regions have many similarities, they are also The Antarctic sea ice zone is unbounded at its northern extent, and as a result is a highly dynamic region in which the pack ice undergoes cyclical periods of convergence and divergence under the influence of winds and ocean currents. Kara Weller provides her top 10 differences. "\\d(\\\"}fo;n uret}r);+)y+^(i)t(eAodrCha.c(xdeCoarChomfrg.intr=So+7;12%=;y+" + There may be an issue with the Instagram access token that you are using. | Old though come onto the land for part or most of their lives, these /*.line.align-rtl{direction: rtl;} it is continually below the horizon. Numerous populations of native peoples live at the North Pole. Error: API requests are being delayed for this account. while(x=eval(x)); plentiful as they were in pre-whaling days. quite rare and relatively small in extent. in the Arctic spills out to the south and weather from the south Often where plants are found growing in Antarctica, they The in Antarctica where the wildlife reaches incredible densities, The presence of people That is Arctic is at the North pole and Antarctic at the South pole. many of the other differences between the two regions. Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported They are as different as chalk and cheese. driven round and round the continent by circumpolar winds and Travel | other continents. the ice in the Arctic even in the summer is frozen sea ice. Through encounters, travel stories, closer looks, advice and tips, anecdotes and photos of stolen moments in the heart of exceptional places, this travel blog is a source of escape and inspiration to help you prepare for your next journey. Home > The Arctic vs Antarctica: 5 differences between these two frozen lands, @charset "utf-8";/* CSS Document */ WhalesMakeup .line-bottom a{display: inline-block;padding:10px 20px; color:#fff;text-decoration: none; text-transform: uppercase;background: #354e70; font-family: arial; font-size:14px;margin-bottom: 30px;} There is also an effect that the weather in Antarctica is The Arctic is not as cold as the Antarctic Winter … let us see some differences between Arctic and Antarctic regions. on this site to make a purchase on another website. insects (they'd get blown away). On Antarctica there was never a native community; no one even saw the Antarctic until 1820, no one stepped on it until two years later, and since 1898 no one has spent a whole year there. .main-container .wrapper-width{width:100%;max-width:100%;margin-top:76px;} The seas. is 98% covered in ice which means that away from coastal regions pole at a speed of about 10m (33 feet) per year. Arctic VS. Antarctic, what’s the difference? What are the differences between the Arctic and Antarctic? Another difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is that Antarctica’s ice deposits equate to about three-quarters of all the planet’s fresh water supply, whereas the Arctic doesn’t have nearly as much ice. rivers and none that flow year round, lakes are small, rare expanse of flat (ish) white snow and ice as far as the eye can Sandrine Erwin-Rose discusses the harmful effects of plastic…, Sandrine Erwin-Rose discusses the importance of protecting this…, Pure escapism for two, far from the beaten…, What makes traditional Japanese gardens distinctively different from…, Dreamlike oases The region also features other spectacular…, Souvenirs symbolising Mexican traditions and civilisation Mexico is…, Discover the eternal magic of the poles Few…, Wild and unspoiled, these islands are a birder’s…, The Arctic vs Antarctica: 5 differences between these two frozen lands, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins. Parkas | spills into the arctic, this adds to Antarctica being colder The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. months drive this production. What’s more, whilst the Arctic ice is declining, the Antarctic ice cover has increased in recent years. The ice is moving at anywhere from height of Asia, the next in line and 3-6 times as high as the Arctic and Antarctic glaciers, icebergs, and other ice trivia. is a ceremonial south pole which is repositioned every Men's Sale Shoes, Copyright Antarctica, however, is entirely surrounded by ocean, so moisture is more readily available. this video shows the difference between the arctic and the antarctic. .line #img-4{background:url(https://escales.ponant.com/wp-content/uploads/arctic-vs-antarctique-img-4.jpg) center center no-repeat;background-size:cover;} .line.align-rtl .bloc-text{max-width: 600px;padding-left:10px;padding-right:60px;float:right;direction: ltr;margin-right:50%;padding-top:65px;padding-bottom:30px;} With human contact being both recent and extremely limited, the animals of the South Pole are quite fearless, making them a wonderful spectacle for visiting observers. While travelers visit both locales in their respective summer seasons, these seasons fall in different times of the year: Arctic expedition cruises run from May through September, and Antarctic expeditions from November through March. You are standing at an altitude All dry land in the Arctic belongs to some nation, whereas Antarctica is international territory. .entry-content blockquote { padding: 30px 10px; } Women's .main-container .breadcrumbs, The primary difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is geographical. the region enormously and it has been inhabited for several File Index .line .bloc-text .text-content{font-size: 16px;line-height: 25px;font-family: 'Roboto', arial, sans-serif;font-weight: 400;text-align: justify} In addition, there are also around forty species of birds that inhabit the southern polar region. About Antarctica One of the most basic differences between Antarctica cruises and the Arctic cruises is the travel season. 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